According to The American Bar Association, undue influence is defined as a fiduciary or confidential relationship between two people where one person influences another person to enact their will instead of the influenced person’s will. In other words, undue influence is when someone close to a person uses coercive tactics – such as affection or intimidation – to financially exploit someone else. For example, a con artist might try and befriend an elderly person online and trick them into wiring them large amounts of money, or a caretaker might isolate and then convince their dependent to leave their estate to them after passing.
Unfortunately, it can sometimes be hard to identify undue influence because it is not always obvious. However, there are several ways to recognize it. If you believe a loved one may have been subjected to undue influence, consider reaching out to the experienced attorneys at Harrison Law, PLLC for support in protecting their wishes. We can be reached at (480) 320-2310.
Vulnerable People are More Susceptible to Undue Influence
One of the ways to identify undue influence is to recognize who is at risk. Often, it is people who have vulnerabilities that make them more susceptible. This may include:
- Elderly people
- People with physical disabilities
- People with physical dependencies
- People with psychological conditions
- People who are going through an emotional event, such as mourning the loss of a loved one
In many cases, these people are susceptible because they may be vulnerable to people in positions of power over them, such as:
- A child who is caring for an elderly parent
- A professional caregiver, such as a live-in nurse
- Employees at a nursing home
According to the Population Reference Bureau, there are over 52 million Americans over the age of 65 – a number that is only expected to increase. Elderly people are among those most susceptible to undue influence.
Does Your Loved One Suddenly Seem Isolated?
Another way to identify undue influence on a loved one is if they suddenly begin to seem isolated from family and friends. When someone is exerting undue influence on another person, it is to their advantage to keep that person from communicating with those who care about them, and perhaps revealing what the perpetrator is doing. Isolation also works to the perpetrator’s advantage because it forces the victim to develop a dependency on the perpetrator and creates the illusion that no one, except for the perpetrator actually cares about them.
Changes in Behavior May Also Be Indicative of Undue Influence
Another way to identify undue influence is by changes in behavior. For example, your loved one may:
- Suddenly start appearing unkempt or disheveled
- Not be taking their medication or eating regularly
- Begin acting secretive or aloof
- Suddenly change lifelong habits, for example, someone frugal suddenly spending a lot of money
Sudden and Unexpected Financial Changes Are a Red Flag
One of the most critical ways to identify undue influence is sudden and unexpected financial changes, such as:
- Large purchases
- Large cash withdrawals
- Changes to a will
- Changes to trust
- Changes in any other estate planning such as beneficiaries of life insurance policies, retirement accounts, or other assets
If you have questions or concerns about whether a loved one may have been impacted by undue influence, it may be helpful to speak with an experienced and compassionate attorney such as the ones at Harrison Law, PLLC.
Is an Unexpected Person Speaking Up on Behalf of Your Loved One?
Another indicator that can help people identify undue influence on a loved one is when an unexpected person begins speaking up on behalf of that loved one. For example, a child who was not previously close to a parent may suddenly decide to act as their caretaker and inform everyone else that the parent is too weak to meet with other people. Some examples of people who might attempt to exert undue influence could include:
- A spouse or partner
- A child
- An attorney
- A religious leader
- A doctor
- A guardian
Simply put, almost anyone could attempt to exert undue influence – it is a matter of being able to manipulate and coerce the victim into agreeing to what the perpetrator wants financially. In some cases, the perpetrator may even turn to control over medications, access to food, information, or sleep in order to gain undue influence over them.
How an Experienced Arizona Estate Planning Lawyer Can Help
Even if you are able to identify undue influence on a loved one, proving that undue influence has occurred can be difficult and time-consuming. Some critical ways that the accuser may be asked to prove that undue influence occurred, especially in cases of estate planning, is to prove that:
- The accused benefited financially from exerting undue influence over the victim.
- The accused developed a close and trusting relationship with the victim in order to manipulate them into handing over financial assets.
- The accused was in a position where they could influence the victim to change critical documents.
- The results of the accused led to unfair results in estate planning documents with the accused benefiting significantly from the outcomes.
Typically, undue influence cases are seen in probate courts with petitions for guardianships or over disputed estate plans. Dealing with undue influence cases can be difficult and overwhelming for family members as they may have to face the painful reality that their loved one was exploited financially.
If you think you may have identified undue influence over a loved one, consider speaking to an experienced and compassionate attorney for legal support. At Harrison Law, PLLC we bring decades of experience to the practice and may be able to help review your case to determine if you have an undue influence claim. Reach out to us for support at (480) 320-2310.
© 2022 Matthew W. Harrison and Harrison Law, PLLC All Rights Reserved
This website and article have been prepared by Harrison Law, PLLC for informational purposes only and does not, and is not intended to, constitute legal or financial advice. The information is not provided in the course of an attorney-client relationship and is not intended to substitute for legal advice from an attorney licensed in your jurisdiction.